We should deal with the museum as a
„polycentric institution“, not only with special fields of museum work. This is the main
thesis of Anatolij A. Budko, director of the Russian Museum of Military Medicine in St.
Petersburg, our conference city. He will be a conference speaker, today he shares his
thoughts about a more global approach to museums with us. How can we
analyze the museum with its social functions in changing societies as a whole? How can
we identify specific Russian characteristics that might have universal application?
Concept approaches towards museum activity in use till nowadays have interpreted not a museum but only separate elements or the reasons of its existence, which are used by different not even related to each other fields of science and cultural practice. While analyzing a museum as a cultural phenomenon attention has been focused on one or several aspects of admitted importance.
This approach in its essence is an overweighted one and forms a monocentric museum model that does not allow viewing a phenomenon of a modern museum with all its changing social functions. As a result the crisis of museums as a social institution is being talked about. In the cultural sphere museums tend to be reserve and self-sufficient that prevents them from the necessary adaptation to the changing conditions of the “one time” world. Continue reading